This does not mean that these adults have somehow been arrested in their religious development. In contrast to guilt and shame, empathy and sympathy are considered other-oriented moral emotions. Psychoanalytic theory proposes instead that morality develops through humans' conflict between their instinctual drives and the demands of society. Cognitive Adult moral development theories did little to change things, as they Adult moral development on reasoning and disregard behavior. A proponent of behaviorism, B. Older children look at motives behind actions rather than consequences of actions.